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This altered geopolitical landscape allowed the Portuguese unhindered control of Chittagong for over a century. In a backlash, the rebels were suppressed by the Sylhet Light Infantry.
Shipbuilding swelled under Mughal rule and the Sultan of Turkey had many Ottoman warships built in Chittagong during this period. Chittagong was a major center of trade with British Burma.
The city remained under the possession of the Nawab of Bengal Chittagong dating place when East India Company took complete control of the former Mughal province of Bengal. The Mughals attacked the Arakanese from the jungle with a 6,strong army, which was further supported by Mughal naval ships blockading the Chittagong harbour.
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The Mughals also contributed to the architecture of the area, including the building of Fort Ander and many mosques. The port city was renamed as Islamabad.
The nearby island of Sandwip was conquered in Mughal response[ edit ] Inthe Mughal government of Bengal led by viceroy Shaista Khan moved to retake Chittagong from Portuguese and Arakanese control. They launched the Mughal conquest of Chittagong.
Mughal rule ushered a new era in the history of Chittagong territory to the southern bank of Kashyapnadi Kaladan river.
However, after reaching Chittagong in earlythe fleet found the city too strongly held and abandoned their attempt at capturing it. Two years later, the company's Court of Directors decided to make Chittagong the headquarters of their Bengal trade and sent out a fleet of ten or eleven ships to seize it under Captain Heath.
Economic growth increased due to an efficient system of land grants for clearing hinterlands for cultivation. It was a critical air, naval and military base for Allied Forces during the Burma Campaign against Japan.
Other Barisal Cities:
After the Battle of Imphalthe tide turned in favor of the Allied Forces. The Assam Bengal Railway connected the port city to its interior economic hinterland, which included the world's largest tea and jute producing regions, as well as one of the world's earliest petroleum industries.
Establishment of colonies[ edit ] Portugal[ edit ] Two decades after Vasco Da Gama 's landing in Calicutthe Bengal Sultanate gave permission for the Portuguese settlement in Chittagong to be established in The Chittagong armoury raid by Bengali revolutionaries in was a major event in British India's anti-colonial history.
Chittagong was integrated into the prosperous greater Bengali economy, which also included Orissa and Bihar. There were a number of rebellions against British rule, notably during the Indian rebellion ofwhen the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th companies of the 34th Bengal Infantry Regiment revolted and released all prisoners from the city's jail.
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The war had major negative impacts on the city, including the growth of refugees and the Great Famine of The cartaz system was introduced and required all ships in the area to purchase naval trading licenses from the Portuguese settlement. It became the first European colonial enclave in Bengal.
The Mughals expelled the Portuguese from Chittagong.